Globalization là chủ đề quen thuộc nhưng bạn đã nắm vững cách viết bài nếu gặp chủ đề này trong bài thi IELTS, đặc biệt là dạng bài disscussion trong Writing Task 2?
Trong bài viết này IELTS COMPLETE cung cấp 10 collocations chủ đề Globalization (toàn cầu hóa) và gợi ý cách vận dụng sao cho tự nhiên trong bài thi Writing Task 2. Bạn cùng chúng mình theo dõi nhé!
|Từ vựng||Nghĩa tiếng Việt||Ví dụ|
|Privatization (n)||Sự tư nhân hóa||The last few years have seen the privatization of many industries previously owned by the state.|
|Unemployment (n)|| |
Tình trạng thất nghiệp
|Unemployment has risen again for the third consecutive month.|
|Income distribution (n)||Sự phân phối thu nhập||However, the income distribution within the rural sector seems to have deteriorated.|
|Consumerism (n)|| |
Chủ nghĩa tiêu dùng
They have clearly embraced Western consumerism.
|Misconception (n)||Sự hiểu nhầm, hiểu sai về một điều gì đó||I’d like to clear up the common misconception that older workers don’t know how to use technology.|
|Global village (n)||Làng toàn cầu||As citizens of the global village, we cannot ignore our obligations to others.|
|Capitalism (n)||Chủ nghĩa tư bản||She wrote that capitalism was devastating the environment.|
|Uniformity (n)|| |
Sự đồng nhất
|They tried to ensure uniformity across the different departments.|
|Outsource (v)||Thuê ngoài||Unions are fighting a plan by the university to outsource all non-academic services.|
|National and cultural identity||Bản sắc dân tộc và bản sắc văn hoá||Cultural homogenization can pose dangers to national and cultural identity.|
|On a global scale = on an international scale = on a world wide scale||Ở cấp độ toàn cầu||The war could impact the economy on a global scale.|
|Global crisis /recession/ slowdown||Khủng hoảng toàn cầu / Suy thoái toàn cầu||The crisis which was announced as being financial is, in reality, a much larger, global crisis.|
Bây giờ, chúng mình sẽ vận dụng các collocations chủ đề globalization cho đề bài dưới đây.
Đề bài: Even though globalization affects the world economies, its downside must not be neglected. Discuss.
The issue of how globalization has affected the world’s economy has been a subject of debate for a while. This essay will discuss some benefits and drawbacks associated with this trend.
To start with, making the world a global village has had a positive impact on its economy through a tremendous increase in foreign direct investments. Many countries have the opportunity to inject more funds into its economy by attracting investors from all over the world. Furthermore, technological innovation has increased through globalization as countries can share ideas and resources thereby resulting in the production of cutting-edge solutions to human problems.
However, globalization has some drawbacks too. One major flaw of this is the interdependence of countries on one another. Issues, wars, and conflicts erupt between nations causing various bans and trade-wars to be adopted, and while it could be resolved through diplomacy and negotiation, the economy gets negatively impacted during the crisis. Additionally, this phenomenon has placed sovereignty under threat meaning that no nation can hide its discoveries or innovation from the world anymore. It is now easier than ever to copy another country’s idea to produce something closely related to it. For example, China is known for its production of cheap and similar phones to the iPhone owned, produced, and designed in the United States.
To conclude, though globalization has benefited the world’s economy through an increase in foreign direct investments and technological innovation, it has also affected it through interdependence and threat to sovereignty.
Chúng mình mong rằng sau bài viết này, bạn sẽ dễ dàng hoàn thành các bài tập về chủ đề Globalization trong bài thi IELTS.
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